What Are Some Types & Uses of Limestone That You Might Not Know About

by Key Crops on Apr 20, 2023

What Are Some Types & Uses of Limestone That You Might Not Know About

Limestone is widely used in construction, particularly in Europe and North America. It has been used in several landmarks around the world, notably the Great Pyramid and its related complex in Giza, Egypt. This stone was used to create several great structures in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, and it was ultimately given the nickname 'Limestone City.' 

Its peak was in the late 19th and early 20th century when there were several uses of limestone. This rock was commonly used to construct train stations, banks, and other facilities during that time. Some skyscrapers have it as a facade, but only in thin plates for covering rather than solid blocks.


What is Limestone?

Limestone is a calcium carbonate-based sedimentary rock that is relatively common compared to other natural stones. It is the most prevalent non-siliciclastic sedimentary rock. Limestone occurs naturally in the earth's surroundings. 

The rock is mainly made up of the chemical combination calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the form of calcite, which is a mineral. Other components found in it include quartz, clay minerals, pyrite, feldspar, and siderite, among others. Thus, limestones are calcareous rocks with a high calcium carbonate content. 

The stone collects in the form of organic debris such as coral, shells, algae or faecal deposits in clear, warm, and shallow marine water. It can also be generated by the precipitation of calcium carbonate that has been dissolved in groundwater. Uses of limestone are far more than its nearest competitors.

When it comes to physical qualities, limestone often comes in two textures: very fine and coarse. Limestone rock comes in a variety of forms and names, including chalk, Coquina, travertine, tufa, fossiliferous limestone, lithographic limestone, and oolitic limestone. They have been divided into groups based on how each rock was produced, how it appeared, its content, other variables, and uses of limestone.


Types of Limestone

There are many different forms of limestone. Here are some examples of various forms of limestone.



Travertine is a type of limestone formed by evaporation, which results in the formation of stalactites, stalagmites, and flowstone. It is frequently utilised in home remodelling projects as a countertop, backsplash, vanity top, and other surfaces, similar to ordinary limestone.



Tufa is a type of limestone rock that occurs near bodies of water that contain a high concentration of dissolved minerals, particularly calcium carbonate. From construction to art, there are several uses of limestone.



Chalk is a non-clastic carbonate sedimentary rock made up of the mineral calcite and is a type of limestone. It is soft, fine-grained, and pulverises readily. This rock is white to greyish in colour. It is made up of the shells of tiny sea creatures like foraminifera, coccoliths, and rhabdoliths. It is possible to find up to 99 percent calcium carbonate in the purest form of this stone. 

Light-coloured chalk is a form of soft limestone. Usually, it is made up of the remains of tiny marine organisms. Several such qualities are associated with different natural stones.



Coquina is a type of limestone that is commonly formed on beaches from broken shell fragments. The fossil fragments in Coquina are gently bonded together and contain very small silt or clay-size particles. 

As a result, it's a very porous rock that can be used as an aquifer for both public and private water supplies. When other materials with greater physical strength and durability are unavailable, Coquina is employed as a construction material.


Oolitic Limestone 

Oolitic limestone rock consists of calcium carbonate oolites, which are concentric layers of tiny grains. This kind of stone starts from a small white spherical seed that is later joined by several other sand-sized oolites to form a rock. 

The seed that started the oolite and the concentric layers by which the oolite was constructed can be seen in some of the fractured oolites. The oolite looks like a tiny pearl in the unbroken examples.


Fossiliferous Limestone 

Limestone containing fossilised shells and skeletal remains is known as fossiliferous limestone. Brachiopods, crinoids, molluscs, gastropods, and coral are common examples of marine invertebrates. These are the standard shell and skeletal fossils that can be discovered in a variety of limestones, including fossiliferous limestone.


Lithographic Limestone 

Lithographic limestone is solid rock with fine, consistent grain size. It is found in thin river beds and limestone caves that quickly separate to provide a highly smooth surface. Unlike other types of limestone, lithographic limestone is extremely dense and smooth.


Uses of Limestone

When we think of limestone's applications, the first thing that comes to mind is construction. Well, architecture or construction is one field where limestone plays a significant role. Surprisingly, because this rock is so valuable and vital, customers are willing to spend up to five times the stone's value for delivery. Apart from architecture, though, this rock has a variety of other applications. Few of them are-


  • Industrial Use
  • Agriculture
  • Construction & Architecture
  • Other Uses



As previously stated, limestone formations are primarily composed of calcium carbonate. As a result, this chemical can be quarried for use in agriculture. Typically, limestone is crushed into smaller particles and produced in a variety of grades. Finally, these compounds are sold as 'agricultural lime' or 'Aglime,' which is used to counteract soil acidity while also liberating soil minerals such as phosphates.



Limestone is used in a number of different industries. Limestone powder is utilised in a variety of sectors, including textiles, paint, paper, rubber, glass, and plastics. The majority of the time, they are employed as fillers. Apart from that, it is utilised in the steel industry to eliminate impurities throughout the manufacturing process. Pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, baking soda, toothpaste, and other goods contain minerals found in limestones.


Construction & Architecture

Limestone is quarried here to meet the needs of the construction and building sectors. As a result, the stone is cut into slabs or blocks with precise measurements. Sculptors, floor tiles, window sills, stair steps, and other items are among limestone uses. Limestone flooring is immensely popular among homeowners.


Limestones with clay concentration are also used in the cement manufacturing process. There are also uses of limestone during the construction of roads and railroads. Giza, Egypt's most famous pyramid, is composed of limestone.


Other Uses

In on-site sewage disposal systems, crushed limestone is utilised as a filter stone. Many coal-mining facilities employ limestone powder as a material to absorb pollutants and regulate coal mine dust. Lime is a byproduct of limestone that is used to neutralise acids and treat wastewater, industrial sludge, animal waste, and drinking water.  



Limestone is often regarded as one of the most beautiful natural stones on the planet. It comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, and there are several uses of limestone both inside and outside the home. This stone is one of the most commonly used construction materials. Every day, we are surrounded by examples of many sorts of limestone, whether it be a limestone wall or your new countertop. 

If you are looking for limestone flooring, then you must check out World Of Stones. We have the best quality limestone and other natural stone paving options available for you to choose from.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Where Does Limestone Come From

Some of the world's largest limestone producers today include China, the US, Russia, Japan, India, Brazil, Germany, Mexico, and Italy. Some of the world's largest quarries can be found in the US and India.

Q.2 What Is Limestone Used For

Limestone is a source of calcium oxide, which is used in steel production, mining, paper making, water treatment and purification, and plastic manufacturing. There are great uses of limestone during the production of glass and in agriculture.

Q.3 Which Industries Uses Limestone As A Raw Material

Limestone is primarily utilised in the cement industry as a raw ingredient. It is used in construction and to purify iron in blast furnaces.

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