8 Best Types Of Surface Texture Stones Best Suited For Home

by Key Crops on Apr 20, 2023

8 Best Types Of Surface Texture Stones Best Suited For Home

Texture is a crucial design element that can bring warmth and aesthetic intrigue to any project. Natural stone has a variety of surface textures, including polished, honed, leathered, and brushed. While polished and honed surfaces are the most popular nowadays, leathered and brushed surfaces are gaining popularity due to their ability to instantly bring a unique flair to an otherwise sleek and glossy surface.


A simple method to add an earthy, multi-dimensional accent to your design is to use natural stone with a rough surface. Leathered slabs are versatile, and they may provide a splash of contrast to a sleek, modern design or compliment a rustic or transitional decor. In this blog, we will discuss the meaning of stone textures and types of surface texture stones. 

What Is Surface Texture Stone?

Surface texture refers to the various natural, mechanical, and chemical procedures that can be used on natural stone to obtain a specific appearance (such as a smooth, worn-in appearance or a pineapple-like appearance) or physical attribute (a shiny surface or a non-reflective surface). Compound surfaces can be created using a variety of surface finishing procedures. A stone's colour profile can be altered by certain surface texture techniques.

Different Types Of Surface Texture Stones

Stones are recognised from one another based on two key criteria. The first is the stone's classification, which determines whether it is granite, marble, sandstone, or slate-stone. The texture of the stone is the second element to consider. This texture could be found naturally in that particular kind, or it could be created by hand. The following is a list of the eight most common types of surface texture stones-


Natural texture is found in the stones naturally, as the name implies. The natural clefts in the rocks created this texture. Natural textures can also be created by hand, emulating the natural patterns found on stones. The stone is cut along its rift line to do this. In terms of feel and appearance, the final texture is quite similar to natural.


A stone's honed texture is achieved by honing its surface consistently using a high grit substance. It's important to avoid turning the surface reflective while grinding it. This texture is commonly used in stones that are placed in high-traffic areas, buildings, and other large structures. Stones with a honed surface are porous by nature. The colours of honed stones, on the other hand, are not as vibrant as those of polished stones.


In contrast to the honed texture, the polished texture stones have a glossy appearance. These stones are likewise nonporous and come in a variety of bright colours. The gleaming surface of these stones results from polishing the crystals with bricks and powders during the manufacturing process rather than a gleaming coating. However, foot traffic can cause the polished surface to wear away over time. If cleaning agents are not used properly, the polished surface may corrode.


To generate an aged appearance, sand, stones, and water abrasion can be used to create a tumbled finish. This is a mechanical procedure. Tumbled finishes can make it appear like the floor has been trodden on for ages. It appears to be scuffed and weathered. The stone's edges are rough and chipped. 


Sandblasting creates a matte-textured worn look by impacting the stone surface at high velocity with an abrasive substance. This machine process creates tiny craters that might draw attention to the stone's colour. Sandblasting gives a stone a more natural appearance. The result of small particle sandblasting is a darker finish, whereas the result of coarse particle sandblasting is a lighter finish. Slip resistance is improved by sandblasting.


The flamed finish is one of the most popular finishes for outdoor use where slip resistance is an issue. It is made by using a high-temperature flame to the stone's surface, inducing thermal shock and fracturing the intrinsic crystals. This results in a richly textured natural stone surface that's great for exteriors. Flamed finish is mostly used on granites, and it hides surface flaws and tone differences. It oxidises the iron components in stone with yellow colourings, such as Honey Jasper. It intensifies the yellow to make it pale orange/pink, creating a rich, dramatic effect in previously calm colours.


A sawn finish can be made using a machine or manually with the help of cutters. The procedure results in an uneven surface, with little furrows and undulations. Such methods have given birth to several new types of surface texture stones. A sawn finish lightens the stone's colour and gives it a matte appearance. A modern aesthetic aura can be achieved by using sawn finishes.

Bush Hammered

Bush hammering creates craters of various sizes evenly spread across the stone's surface. The patterns of bush hammering are usually random. Colours fade to produce a soothing and gentle effect. The entire appearance is rustic. The level of the surface drops or becomes non-slip. Depending on the procedure, the surface roughness of the tiny variations might range from smooth to slightly rough. Bush hammered finishes can be achieved by hand or by machine, although the hand-crafted finish is more appealing.


In recent years, natural stone has grown in favour, with more people opting for granite for floors and marble for bathrooms. Natural stone comes in various types of surface texture stones which are treated to provide a distinctive appearance. This new finish enhances the stone's beauty and improves some of its attributes. The same natural stone can be used for various functions depending on its treatment, enhancing its durability or aesthetic look.

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